Acne


Acne, one of the most common skin problems, which can happen to anyone

Acne is called "a symbol of youth" because it is mainly experienced by adolescents, but acne is actually one of the most common skin problems, and can happen to anybody, including women in their 30s-40s and men who are under a lot of stress.

 

What is a Acne?


Acne is an inflammatory skin problem that takes place in the sebum glands attached to hair follicles. Though it generally occurs on the face, acne can be found on any part of the body with many sebum glands, including the neck, the back and the chest.

The light acne that takes place during puberty is thought of as temporary, but serious acne can leave permanent scars. For this reason, it is important to seek proper treatment for acne as early as possible.


 

Main causes of acne by age group

Adolescence

People begin to get acne as the subem glands become mature by the stimulation of androgen, and send out too much sebum.

20s ~ 50s

When sebum isn’t excreted well due to makeup, menstruation or pregnancy, or when steroid increases due to stress or lack of sleep and stimulates the sebum glands, people can get acne.

Other

Stress, sun exposure, season (production of sebum gets active during summer), popping acne, industrial oil and chemical substances, food-iodine, medicine (steroid, drugs for tuberclosis and epilepsy), menstruation cycle, pregnancy and contraceptives containing antibody hormones can cause acne.

Targets of acne treatment!

      1) Patients who want to prevent early acne from worsening
      2) Patients with serious inflammatory acne
      3) below the nose to the upper lip equals half of the length from the chin to the bottom lip.
      4) Patients who want to recover their skin from acne scars
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Type of ACNE


1. White head

A white 1~2mm granule forms just beneath the surface of the skin.
This is a result of the sebum hardening within the pore which then begins to protrude out of the pore.
This formation is called the closed comedo or white head.

Whiteheads are formed by skin oil and cells that gather and harden on the face. These are formed when
the sebaceous glands secrete excessive sebum. The excess oils find their way outside the skin through sebaceous follicles and, combined with cells that have flaked down from around these passages, settle
on the follicle ends, becoming a plug that blocks the skin pores.The continuous flow of oils and dead cells accumulate and fill the follicles at bulging point showing up on the surface of the skin as tiny, whitish dots called whiteheads.

2. Black head

lackhead is whitehead getting bigger, the pore becomes bigger and then turns into blackhead. This is
often called as open comedo or black head. For this reason, this type of formation is called an open
comedo or a black head.

The basis of acne treatment is to minimize the initial formation of fine comedos. Treating acne infection is comparable to treating the symptoms of a cold. However, preventing the formation of comedos in the initial stage can treat the origin of the cause. The formation of comedos can be prevented by continuous removal
of sebum and dead skin cells in order to open up the pores.

3. Papule

The proliferation of acne bacteria in a whitehead or blackhead initiates an inflammatory response. Slight pain may accompany the redness. This red pimple is called a papule which creates bumpy texture on the skin surface.

When Acne became red you will need professional treatment to cure it.

4) Pustle.

papule is a solid raised skin lesion with a distinct borders. Papules may have different of shapes and is sometimes associated with other features such as crusts

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The progression of ACNE


1. White heads and black heads (20 inside)

when you have whitehead and blackhead, makeup won't wear as well. The T-zone will have a lot of acne

  • Home care

Clean the face with a neutral cleanser. Cleansing the face may not help much for acne that has already
formed but careless cleansing may make the condition worse. It is best to cleanser your face in lukewarm water while minimizain stimulation. If not careful, an infection may be induced. Blackheads may be squee
zed by using cotton pads or cotton swabs. Squeezing out blackheads with your fingers may damage tissue and cause scarring.

2) There are a lot harder Whitehead

If you have a lot of hard whitehead all around your face

  • Home care

t is best to restrain from touching your face with your hands and cleanse your face thoroughly with a non-stimulating cleanser. Gentle removal of dead skin cells with a steam towel on a regular basis is effective.

3) Non-severe inflammatory acne (1~2 papules, 5~6 pustules)

Red acnes all over the face

  • Home care

The best home treatment for acne is to prevent further infection by blocking out the cause. Also try not to put make up and put face mask. Also don’t touch your face and try not to squeeze them out because it will just hurt and make it worse and leave scars. It is infected inside so even if you try to do anything outside the face, it won't help.

4) Infected pustular acne (5~6 papules, 20 pustules, 5~6 nodes)

It keeps getting infected and is getting inflamated

  • Home care

The best home treatment for acne is to prevent further infection by blocking out the cause. Also try not to put make up and put face mask. Also don’t touch your face and try not to squeeze them out because it will just hurt and make it worse and leave scars. It is infected inside so even if you try to do anything outside the face, it won't help.

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